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Polyesrer Resin Plant

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Saturated Polyester Resin Plant offered are developed following esterification and blending processes that are carried in their saperate Vessels. With raw material used including melic anhydride, styrene monomer and polypropylene glycol, Process includes poly-condensation reaction as well as blending polyester resin with monomer.

Features:

  • Latest technology based and high performance Saturated Polyester Resin Plants
  • Polyester resins manufacturing using styrene monomer, polypropylene glycol, melic anhydride along with other additives
  • Can be manufactured in customized specifications as per customers specification


Process:

The major operations involved in the manufacture of polyester resin are esterification and blending – which are carried in their respective kettles. The most common raw materials used are polypropylene glycol, melic anhydride and styrene monomer. In addition small quantities of inhibitors and other additives are required for the process.

The process involved is poly condensation reaction and blending the polyester resin with the monomer. Due to the sensitivity of polyester resin to contamination; in the course of condensation reaction and during subsequent handling the material of construction must be carefully selected. 

The esterification reactor is changed through a manhole with required amount of glycol and the solid anhydride. The mass is heated up to 200°C under agitation and inert gas N2 is slowly applied. The partial condenser condenses the glycol but process the water to the total condenser. The esterification is continued until a predetermined acid value 10 to 15 is reached. After achieving the predetermined viscosity the heating is stopped and the batch is dropped in to the blending kettle. In the blending kettle the batch is cooled to 100 – 102°. Styrene is pumped in the blender and viscosity is adjusted until the batch attains room temperature. The batch is then pumped through filter in to the storage tanks.

Polyester resins are unsaturated resins formed by the reaction of dibasic organic acids and polyhydric alcohols. Polyester resins are used in sheet moulding compound, bulk moulding compound and the toner of laser printers. Wall panels fabricated from polyester resins reinforced with fiberglass so-called fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) are typically used in restaurants, kitchens, restrooms and other areas that require washable low-maintenance walls. Unsaturated polyesters are condensation polymers formed by the reaction of polyols (also known as polyhydric alcohols), organic compounds with multiple alcohol or hydroxy functional groups, with saturated or unsaturated dibasic acids. Typical polyols used are glycols such as ethylene glycol; acids used are phthalic acid and maleic acid. Water, a by-product of esterification reactions, is continuously removed, driving the reaction to completion. The use of unsaturated polyesters and additives such as styrene lowers the viscosity of the resin. The initially liquid resin is converted to a solid by cross-linking chains. This is done by creating free radicals at unsaturated bonds, which propagate in a chain reaction to other unsaturated bonds in adjacent molecules, linking them in the process. The initial free radicals are induced by adding a compound that easily decomposes into free radicals. This compound is usually and incorrectly known as the catalyst[citation needed] . Substances used are generally organic peroxides such as benzoyl peroxide or methyl ethyl ketone peroxide. Polyester resins are thermosetting and, as with other resins, cure exothermically. The use of excessive catalyst can, therefore, cause charring or even ignition during the curing process. Excessive catalyst may also cause the product to fracture or form a rubbery material.

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